If you're new to the art of bonsai or simply looking for bonsai plants that are relatively easy to grow and maintain, there are several popular choices known for their adaptability and beginner-friendliness. Here are some popular bonsai plants that you can grow with relative ease:
Ficus (Ficus spp.): Ficus trees, such as the Ficus benjamina (Weeping Fig) and Ficus retusa (Indian Laurel Fig), are excellent choices for beginners. They tolerate a wide range of growing conditions and are forgiving of occasional lapses in care.
Chinese Elm (Ulmus parvifolia): Chinese Elm bonsai are known for their graceful, naturally small leaves and adaptability to various environments. They respond well to pruning and shaping.
Jade Plant (Crassula ovata): The Jade Plant is a hardy succulent bonsai known for its thick, fleshy leaves and resilience. It thrives in bright sunlight and doesn't require frequent watering.
Portulacaria afra (Dwarf Jade or Elephant Bush): Another succulent option, the Dwarf Jade, is similar in appearance to the Jade Plant but features smaller leaves. It's drought-tolerant and can be shaped into beautiful bonsai forms.
Japanese maple (Acer palmatum): While Japanese Maples are more challenging than some other options; they can still be suitable for beginners. They have stunning foliage that changes colour in the fall, making them a favourite among bonsai enthusiasts.
Serpentines (Sansevieria spp.): Sansevieria, also known as Snake Plant or Mother-in-Law's Tongue, is an excellent choice for those new to bonsai. These hardy plants are tolerant of low light and infrequent watering.
Schefflera (Schefflera arboricola): Schefflera, commonly known as the Umbrella Tree, adapts well to bonsai cultivation. They have attractive compound leaves and respond favourably to pruning.
Dwarf Pomegranate (Punica granatum 'Nana'): Dwarf Pomegranate bonsai feature small fruit and bright orange-red flowers. They are relatively easy to care for and enjoy full sunlight.
Juniper (Juniperus spp.): Some Juniper species, like the Juniperus procumbens 'Nana' (Japanese Garden Juniper), are suitable for beginners. They have fine foliage and tolerate various growing conditions.
Boxwood (Buxus spp.): Boxwood bonsai have small, dense leaves and can be shaped into various styles. They are hardy and respond well to pruning.
While these bonsai plants are generally considered easier for beginners, it's essential to remember that all bonsai require some degree of care, patience, and attention to thrive. Learning about the specific needs of your chosen plant and practicing bonsai techniques will contribute to your success as a bonsai gardener. Happy gardening!